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4-1:1 Gift of the Nile


Many deities with different responsibilities: explain droughts and floods
Sun God Re (Ray) or Ra: Most important.
Born each day, dies each night (sun became a life symbol)
Each settlement had own, special, God
Memphic= Ptah (God of the Arts)
Hermopolis= Thoth (wisdom and writing)
Thebes= Amon (sun god) later identified with Re = Amon-Re becoming chief deity of all Egyptians
Prayed to Gods and believed in life after death: some prayers are collected in the Book of the Dead and placed in the tombs of those who pass away to serve as a guide
Preservation of Bodies (for use in afterlife)
70 days
Remove organs (except heart=thinking) and place in containers
Covered body with powered salt (stop decay)
Rubbed with ols
Wrapped from head to toe in linen
Placed in tomb

Lower Egypt: Most farming settlements are between the delta and the first cataract
Upper Egypt: South of the delta

Nation-State: First=
(unproven theory) King Menes of Upper Egypt conquered Lower Egypt and united the two kingdoms, some believe it may have been a king name Namar b/c in pictures he is shown wearing both the lower(red) Egypt and upper(white) Egypt crowns: later the kings combined the crowns and wore a combination of white and red (unity)
Capital of central government: Memphis (in Lower Egypt)
Namar is believed to have began first dynasty: more than thirty over thousands of years

Below is the video "Nile: River of Gods": 

Some images require maturity and some images are unnecessary for educational purposes. With this in mind I generally skip to minute 4 immediately, I skip minutes 35-39 and minutes 56-60. I generally stop the video at 1:10 since it begins to talk about the take-over of Rome rather than about Egyptian history (which is our primary focus).


Danielle Fleenor,
Nov 21, 2013, 2:50 PM