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7-3 Chinese Dynasties

Chinese Dynasties to Talk About  (pp. 218-223)


Zhou (Joh) Dynasty

                Longest Ruling

                Took control from the Shang Dynasty (tyrant): Heaven allowed this since Shangs were                                                           dishonest and cruel

                Social Structure: 3 parts

                                King and his family

                                Noble families

                                                Received land from king (for loyalty, goods, and military protection)

                                                Some nobles began ruling own territories (fought for cntl)= Zhou weakness

                                Peasant families (common farmers and served in army)

                                                Could not own land: rented from nobles(some protection in return)




                Philosopher: Tried to think of ways to restore order and improve society

                Thought highly of family: treat parents with honor and respect

                Promoted Filial Piety: duty to parents of respecting, following wishes, and caring for them

                No one listened during his life but had a huge influence on China later


Qin (Chin):

                Zhou lost “mandate of heaven” (right to rule) and their dynasty collapsed

                Qi, Chu, and Qin fought for control

                Qin won and united China under one rule: Chinese Empire

                Used legalism to govern his empire: Obey you are rewarded, don’t and you are punished

                                Loyalty comes from fear, not respect

                No more nobles!

                Central Government- bureaucracy (network of appointed government officials)

                Canals and roads were built: The empire was expanded

                First wall of china was built: took hundreds of thousands of peasants and prisoners

                                10 years: many died of hunger and being overworked

                $, weights, and writing are all standardized

                Burned books that were not approved of; wanted to control education

                Heavy taxation: people were very unhappy

                Only 2 rulers in the Qin Dynasty before it fell: final project were the clay soldiers



                400 year rule

                Civil Service Jobs: people were tested and even educated at university

                Learned Confucianism as well as Daoism

                Invented paper and seismographs

                Utilized the silk road for trade with Europe

Danielle Fleenor,
Jan 9, 2012, 8:22 AM