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Egyptian Dynasties

Hieroglyphic: writing that uses pictures to stand for sounds, words, or ideas (more than 700)
Papyrus: paper-like material from papyrus plants: dried and woven
Pyramid: largest stone structures in the world: square base, triangle sides
Prosperity: economic success
Vizier: chief adviser
Heir: right to another person’s property or title when they die
Annex: add on
Nome: governors that ruled districts
Pharaoh: king; meaning “great house” to reference his palace; believed to be a god in human form

The Early Period: 
Inventions/ Innovations: 
Egyptians invented irrigation systems and animal pulled plows
Started using Hieroglyphics (used over 3,000 years): was on stone but could be easier=papyrus
Wrote with sharpened reeds with soot and water (very important words sometimes in red)
Writing helped to unite the government and helps us understand their history (written records)
The Old Kingdome:
Age of the Pyramids: from 2686 BC to 2181 BC (505 years) : first dynasty until the 6th 
Built pyramids and tombs for rulers: Solid stone all the way through except burial chambers and passageways
Imhotep: architect of first pyramid for King Zoser: 200 ft high (6 GIANT steps like a ziggurat)
Possibly the step was a “staircase” to the afterlife
Great Pyramid of Giza: 4th Dynasty built near Cairo for King Khufu.
Up to 100,000 farmers may have worked on it
2 million blocks of limestone cut and moved (ea. 2 tons)
480 feet high and covers 13 acres (largest pyramid)
Tip covered in gold to reflect sun rays
After the 6th dynasty (for the next 5) rulers competed with local rulers for power (Intermediate Period)

Video- The Egyptian Code (this will be watched as we complete our pyramid projects)