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Lesson 3: Later Empires

            Teacher Led Discussion: If you were not here for discussion it is advised you read Chapter 3 Lesson 3
                     pages 106-111

1000 BC: Babylonian Empire was losing power to a new city named after it's most important God: Assur = Assyrian Empire  

Assyrian Empire:
   learned warfare from Hittites
   iron weapons
   own  innovations :
     lance: spear attached to long handle
     battering rams: heavy beans to break through city walls
   bloody battles
   soldiers have specialized jobs: chariot drivers, archers, horseback cavalry, foot soldiers
      largest destructive standing army ever in Mesopotamia (by 700 BC)

Sennacherib (Assyrian King)
   Attacked Israel, 40 cities, 200,000 prisoners
    Destroyed Babylon
   took over more land = biggest empire at the time (nile)
   created one of the first libraries to house cuneiform tablets.

Kings: tried to import communication and transportation to unify
Paved roads to link major cities
developed postal system for messages and decrees
built large monuments
   finely carved: show success and strength of empire
FIRST to make keys and locks and magnifying glasses, plumbing to bring running water to homes

BIGGEST CHANGE: organized government to control empire
      divided lands into territories (large division of a country)
      local leaders governed and reported to the king

Nineveh: Capital City of Assyrian Empre: small one level mud houses -> boulevards, squares, parks, gardens, palace covered in stone reliefs (carvings)

ninurta: war
Nabu: learning protection 

Library: built by King Ashurbanipal : most amazing, includes tablets from Sumerian, Babylonian, Akkadian, and Assyrian Empires

One giant wall  wrapped around Nineveh but all of this was destroyed when the Assyrian Empire Fell
In 612 B.C. Medes (from Media) attacked Nineveh and killed the King and once again Babylon became the center of civilization and the capital
   referred to now as Neo-Babylon
   Stayed Strong and ruled by several generations of kings until about 500 BC when forced to surrender the land to Persia in the East